Overcoming Common Challenges in the Three-Step Writing Process

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Effective business communication is crucial for success in today’s fast-paced and competitive world. The three-step writing process, consisting of planning, writing, and completing, provides a solid framework for crafting clear and engaging messages. However, even seasoned professionals may encounter challenges and obstacles along the way. By identifying these common challenges and finding practical solutions to overcome them, you can improve your business writing skills and make a lasting impact on your audience.

This blog post will explore challenges faced during each stage of the three-step writing process, offering practical solutions and real-world examples to help you easily navigate these hurdles. Whether you’re communicating with colleagues, clients, or superiors, we aim to provide valuable insights and actionable advice that will elevate your business writing to new heights. So, let’s find out how you can overcome these challenges and become a more effective communicator in the business world.

Planning: Laying a Solid Foundation

Challenge 1: Defining the Purpose

When you begin to write your business communication, have you ever asked yourself, “What am I trying to achieve with this message?” If you have, you’re not alone. It’s common to need help with pinpointing the exact purpose of your writing. After all, starting with a blank sheet of paper is about as scary for a writer as it is for an artist starting with a blank canvas. The process can be daunting. 

Solution: To overcome this, try the “5 Whys” technique. Ask yourself “Why?” five times, going deeper into the core reason behind your message every time you ask the why question. For example, you’re writing an email to inform employees about a new critical software update. Your why questions may be similar to the following:

  1. Why am I writing this email? To educate employees about the update.
  2. Why is it important to tell them? So they’re aware of the changes.
  3. Why do they need to be mindful? To understand the new features and how to use them.
  4. Why should they know the new features? To improve their efficiency and productivity.
  5. Why do we need to improve efficiency and productivity? To stay competitive and meet company goals.

By going through the “5 Why’s” technique, you gain a clear purpose for your writing. Using the example scenario, our purpose for this business message is  “to inform employees about the software update, help them understand its new features, and improve efficiency and productivity.”

Challenge 2: Creating an Audience Profile

Challenges in the Three-Step Writing Process - illustration of an audience analysisSometimes, creating a comprehensive audience profile can take time, leading to messages that fail to reach the mark because of the following reasons:

Insufficient data: Failing to gather enough data on your audience’s demographics, preferences, knowledge levels, and needs can lead to an incomplete audience analysis. The lack of information might result in a message that misses the mark or fails to resonate with the target audience.


  1. Use multiple data sources and methods to gather information about your audience.
  2. Start by examining any existing internal data, such as customer records, user analytics, or employee profiles.
  3. Conduct surveys, interviews, or focus groups to collect additional information. You can also research industry trends and competitor audience analyses for further insights.

Overgeneralization: Assuming all audience members share the same characteristics or preferences can lead to superficial analysis. This approach may overlook specific audience segments’ individual needs, interests, or concerns.


  1. Segment your audience into smaller, more specific groups based on demographics, preferences, knowledge levels, and needs. 
  2. Tailor your message to address the unique characteristics and concerns of each segment. This will help you create more targeted and effective communication that resonates with all audience members.

Confirmation bias: Allowing personal biases or preconceived notions to influence the audience analysis can result in a skewed understanding of the target audience, leading to a message that only addresses what the writer believes the audience wants rather than what they actually need or prefer.


  1. Approach audience analysis with an open mind and a willingness to challenge your assumptions.
  2. Seek input from multiple sources and team members to ensure diverse perspectives.
  3. Be objective in your analysis, focusing on the data and avoiding the temptation to draw conclusions based on personal beliefs or preferences.

Not updating audience information: Relying on outdated or static audience data can result in an audience analysis that needs to accurately reflect the target readers’ current state. As audience preferences and needs change over time, updating the audience analysis to maintain relevance is essential.


  1. Continually update your audience analysis to reflect your target readers’ evolving needs and preferences.
  2. Monitor changes in industry trends, customer feedback, and company goals.
  3. Review and revise your audience analysis to ensure it remains accurate and relevant.

Neglecting audience context: Poor audience analysis often results from failing to consider the context in which the audience will receive and process the message. Factors such as the audience’s location, time constraints, or the device they use to access the content can significantly impact their experience and should be considered when crafting a message.


  1. Consider the context in which your audience will receive and process your message.
  2. Consider factors such as location, time constraints, and the devices used to access your content.
  3. Adapt your message accordingly, ensuring it is easily accessible, understandable, and relevant to the audience’s context.

Inadequate research methods: Using unreliable or inappropriate research methods to gather audience data can compromise the accuracy and comprehensiveness of the audience analysis. It’s important to employ multiple data sources and research methods, such as surveys, interviews, and observations, to develop a well-rounded understanding of your audience.


  1. Employ various research methods to gather audience data, such as surveys, interviews, observations, and secondary data analysis. This will help you develop a well-rounded understanding of your audience.
  2. Validate your data sources and ensure they are reliable and appropriate for your audience analysis.
  3. Cross-reference findings from multiple sources to ensure accuracy and minimize the risk of bias or error.

Writing: Crafting a Compelling Message

Challenge 3: Organizing Information

illustration showing people organizing information.Let’s say you’re a marketing manager at a growing technology company, and you’ve been asked to create an internal report to present the results of a recent customer satisfaction survey. Various departments, including sales, customer support, and product development, will receive the report. This complex subject requires a clear and organized approach to ensure effective communication.

Here’s how you can organize your thoughts and ideas when applying the three-step writing process to this complex business communication task:

Step 1: Brainstorm

Begin by brainstorming the critical aspects of the customer satisfaction survey that you must address in the report. These might include:

  • Survey methodology and response rate
  • Overall satisfaction scores
  • Satisfaction breakdown by product or service
  • Areas of strength and improvement
  • Customer feedback and suggestions
  • Recommended actions for each department

Step 2: Categorize and Prioritize

Next, group these aspects into broader categories to create a clear structure for your report. For example:

  1. Introduction and Survey Overview
  2. Methodology and Response Rate
  3. Overall Satisfaction Results
  4. Breakdown by Product or Service
  5. Areas of Strength and Improvement
  6. Customer Feedback and Suggestions
  7. Recommendations and Action Items

Step 3: Create an Outline

Develop a detailed outline for each category, breaking them into smaller sub-points. For instance, under “Overall Satisfaction Results,” you might have:

  • Average satisfaction score
  • Comparison with previous survey results
  • Factors contributing to satisfaction
  • Factors contributing to dissatisfaction

Breaking the detailed outline into smaller sub-points will help you create a logical flow of information and ensure that each aspect of the survey results is thoroughly covered. Next, prioritize the categories according to their importance, complexity, or order of importance.

Step 4: Draft the Content

In the writing stage of the three-step process, use your outline to guide the creation of each report section. Consider your audience and tailor your language and tone to suit their needs and preferences. Be clear, concise, and focused on the key points to maintain the reader’s attention.

Step 5: Review and Revise

In the completing stage, review your report for clarity, consistency, and organization. Ensure that the overall flow of the report is smooth and coherent. Look for any gaps or redundancies and make necessary adjustments. This step may also involve reorganizing sections or adding new content to address missing elements. Ensure your message is clearly communicated by checking for grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors and considering asking a colleague for feedback.

Following these steps will help you organize your thoughts and ideas when dealing with complex subjects in business communication, resulting in a comprehensive and well-structured report that conveys the information your audience needs.

Challenge 4: Balancing Formality and Friendliness

In business writing, striking the right balance between a professional and approachable tone can be tricky.

Solution: Adapt your tone according to your audience and purpose. If you’re writing to a colleague you know well, you can be more casual and conversational. However, maintain a more professional tone for formal communications or when addressing higher-ups. The key is to be friendly without crossing the line into informality—avoid slang, jargon, and overly casual language. Let’s examine two different scenarios, one communication scenario between an employee and a work colleague and the second scenario between an employee and a boss or higher-up.

Scenario 1: Communication between an employee and a colleague

Imagine that Jane, a software developer, needs to ask her colleague, Mark, for help with a coding issue. Jane wants to maintain a friendly relationship with Mark but also remain professional. Here’s an example of how Jane can strike the right balance between formality and friendliness in her message:

Subject: Assistance with a coding issue in Project X

Hi Mark,

I hope you’re having a great day! I’ve been working on a coding issue in Project X, and I’m having trouble figuring out the cause of the problem. I know you have extensive experience with this programming language, and I would like to know if you could spare some time to help me troubleshoot the issue.

If you’re available, let’s schedule a 30-minute meeting later this week. I understand you’re busy, so please let me know what works best for you.

Thanks in advance for your help, and I look forward to learning from your expertise!

Best regards, Jane

Scenario 2: Communication between an employee and their boss

Now imagine that Jane needs to request time off from her boss, Susan. Jane wants to maintain a respectful tone while expressing her request in a friendly manner. Here’s an example of how Jane can balance formality and friendliness in her message:

Subject: Request for time off on March 28th

Dear Susan,

I hope this message finds you well. I am requesting your approval for taking a day off on March 28th. My sister is getting married, and I would like to attend the wedding and spend some time with my family.

If my absence on this day will cause any inconvenience, please let me know, and I will do my best to make the necessary arrangements. I will ensure that all my tasks are current, and I can coordinate with my team members to cover any responsibilities during my absence.

Thank you for considering my request, and I appreciate your understanding.

Sincerely, Jane

In both scenarios, Jane maintains a professional tone while incorporating friendly elements, such as well-wishes and expressions of appreciation. By striking the right balance between formality and friendliness, Jane can effectively communicate her needs while maintaining positive relationships with her colleague and boss.

Completing: Polishing Your Masterpiece

Challenge 5: Revision and Proofreading

Revising and proofreading your work can feel tedious, but it’s essential for ensuring a polished final product.


  1. Break the task into smaller chunks.
  2. Start by reviewing your content for clarity, consistency, and organization.
  3. Proofread for grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.
  4. Use grammar-checking tools like Grammarly to catch mistakes you may have missed.
  5. Ask a trusted colleague to review your work for a fresh perspective.

Challenge 6: Handling Feedback

Receiving feedback on your work can sometimes be challenging, especially when critical. However, constructive feedback is crucial for improving your writing.


  1. Approach feedback with an open mind and a willingness to learn.
  2. Remember, the goal is to create the most effective message possible.
  3. When receiving feedback, focus on understanding the concerns and how to address them.
  4. Don’t be defensive—instead, use the feedback as an opportunity to refine your work and grow as a writer.

Final Words

As we conclude our exploration of overcoming common challenges in the three-step writing process, it’s essential to remember the importance of planning, writing, and completing each stage with care and attention. By identifying and addressing the obstacles we’ve discussed, you can ensure your business communication is clear, effective, and well-organized.

In planning, focus on analyzing the situation and creating a comprehensive audience profile to tailor your message to the needs and preferences of your readers. Be mindful of potential challenges, such as insufficient data or confirmation bias, and use various research methods to gather accurate and up-to-date information. In the writing phase, strike the right balance between formality and friendliness, and use clear, concise language to maintain the reader’s attention. Ensure your message is clearly conveyed at the completing stage by checking it for clarity, consistency, and organization.

Lastly, always appreciate the power of continuous improvement. By becoming more adept at handling these challenges, your business communication skills will strengthen, fostering better relationships with your colleagues, superiors, and clients. Embrace a growth mindset, and always be open to learning from your experiences and refining your writing process. As a result, you’ll become more confident and effective at communicating in business.

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